EndNote: managing your bibliographies

Impediments to Adequate Nutrition

2017 Parenteral Nutrition Lipid Injectable Emulsion Product Shortage Considerations
Drink plenty of fluids each day, including water, warm juices, and prune juice. The diet of an organism is what it eats, which is largely determined by the availability and palatability of foods. A Cochrane review found significant reduction in postoperative complications and infections when IE oral supplements or enteral feeding were given before GI surgery. The client can double the dosage if he forgets a drug dose. The standards aim to assure sound and efficient nutrition care for those in need of nutrition support therapy. Suck on hard candies such as peppermints or lemon drops if your mouth has a bad taste.

A. Indications for nutritional therapy

C.C.Medical Services

A blockage lower in the intestinal tract may be addressed with a surgical procedure known as a colostomy , and either type of blockage may be corrected with a bowel resection under appropriate circumstances. If such correction is not possible or practical, nutrition may be supplied by parenteral nutrition.

A gastrojejunostomy or GJ feeding tube is a combination device that includes access to both the stomach and the jejunum, or middle part of the small intestine. Typical tubes are placed in a G-tube site or stoma, with a narrower long tube continuing through the stomach and into the small intestine. The GJ-tube is used widely in individuals with severe gastric motility, high risk of aspiration, or an inability to feed into the stomach.

It allows the stomach to be continually vented or drained while simultaneously feeding into the small intestine. GJ-tubes are typically placed by an interventional radiologist in a hospital setting. The primary complication of GJ-tube is migration of the long portion of the tube out of the intestine and back into the stomach. A jejunostomy feeding tube J-tube is a tube surgically or endoscopically inserted through the abdomen and into the jejunum the second part of the small intestine.

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The Journal of Biological Chemistry ;25 2: Hat tip to Adel Moussa: Overtraining, inflammation, insufficient repair: Human muscle protein synthesis and breakdown during and after exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology Jun; 6: An abundant supply of amino acids enhances the metabolic effect of exercise on muscle protein.

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Leucine for retention of lean mass on a hypocaloric diet. Journal of Medicinal Food Dec;11 4: Life-span extension in mice by preweaning food restriction and by methionine restriction in middle age.

The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences Jul;64 7: Miller RA et al. Methionine-deficient diet extends mouse lifespan, slows immune and lens aging, alters glucose, T4, IGF-I and insulin levels, and increases hepatocyte MIF levels and stress resistance.

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PLoS Genetics Feb;4 2: Autophagy and mechanisms of effective immunity. Frontiers in Immunology ;3: Age relations of cardiovascular risk factors in a traditional Melanesian society: Coronary heart disease in Greenland Inuit: Implications for Western diet patterns.

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Diabetologia Feb;54 2: Fructose induces transketolase flux to promote pancreatic cancer growth. Cancer Research Aug 1;70 Leucine, glucose, and energy metabolism after 3 days of fasting in healthy human subjects. European Journal of Cell Biology Aug;83 7: The adherent gastrointestinal mucus gel layer: Faure M et al. Development of a rapid and convenient method to purify mucins and determine their in vivo synthesis rate in rats.

Analytical Biochemistry Aug 15; 2: Ainsworth BE et al. Relationship between fatty acid delivery and fatty acid oxidation during strenuous exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology Dec;79 6: Effect of fat adaptation and carbohydrate restoration on metabolism and performance during prolonged cycling. Journal of Applied Physiology Dec;89 6: High rates of muscle glycogen resynthesis after exhaustive exercise when carbohydrate is coingested with caffeine.

Journal of Applied Physiology Jul; 1: Is there a glycemic threshold for mortality risk? Diabetes Care May;22 5: Dr Ron Rosedale, November 1, , http: The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the development and progression of long-term complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Intensive blood-glucose control with sulphonylureas or insulin compared with conventional treatment and risk of complications in patients with type 2 diabetes UKPDS The Lancet Sep 12; Clinical and Investigative Medicine Aug;18 4: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine May;15 2: Association of hemoglobin A1c with cardiovascular disease and mortality in adults: Annals of Internal Medicine Sep 21; 6: Prevalence of polyneuropathy in pre-diabetes and diabetes is associated with abdominal obesity and macroangiopathy: Diabetes Care Mar;31 3: Post-challenge blood glucose concentration and stroke mortality rates in non-diabetic men in London: Diabetologia Jul;51 7: Prospective study of hyperglycemia and cancer risk.

Diabetes Care Mar;30 3: Increased prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance in patients with painful sensory neuropathy. Diabetes Care Aug;24 8: Hat tip to Jenny Ruhl: Starches, sugars and obesity. Nutrients Mar;3 3: ScienceDaily, December 11, , www. Segal MS et al. Is the fructose index more relevant with regards to cardiovascular disease than the glycemic index? European Journal of Nutrition Oct;46 7: Food processing and the glycemic index.

Relationship between the rate of gastric emptying and glucose and insulin responses to starchy foods in young healthy adults. Glycemic index of single and mixed meal foods among common Japanese foods with white rice as a reference food.

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Jun;57 6: Gastric emptying of a solid meal is accelerated by the removal of dietary fibre naturally present in food. Gut Jun;36 6: Jenkins AL et al. Nutrition Journal Nov 22;9: Perissinotto E et al. Alcohol consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in older lifelong wine drinkers: Low-carbohydrate-diet score and the risk of coronary heart disease in women.

Atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype and diet-gene interactions. Hepatic and whole-body fat synthesis in humans during carbohydrate overfeeding. Hat tip to geoff Adipose tissue triglyceride turnover, de novo lipogenesis, and cell proliferation in humans measured with 2H2O. On the importance of fatty acid composition of membranes for aging. Journal of Theoretical Biology May 21; 2: Autoxidation of fats and related substances.

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Journal of the American Dietetic Association Feb; 2: Problems with essential fatty acids: Progress in Lipid Research Nov;42 6: The slow discovery of the importance of omega 3 essential fatty acids in human health. Journal of Nutrition Feb; 2 suppl: Essential fatty acid deficiency in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition ;68 1: Why is carbon from some polyunsaturates extensively recycled into lipid synthesis?

Lipids Apr;38 4: Dietary linoleic acid has no effect on arachidonic acid, but increases n-6 eicosadienoic acid, and lowers dihomo-gamma-linolenic and eicosapentaenoic acid in plasma of adult men. Linoleic acid is associated with lower long-chain n-6 and n-3 fatty acids in red blood cell lipids of Canadian pregnant women.

High dietary omega-6 fatty acids contribute to reduced docosahexaenoic acid in the developing brain and inhibit secondary neurite growth. Brain Research Oct 27; Effect of cholesterol-lowering diet on mortality from coronary heart-disease and other causes. A twelve-year clinical trial in men and women. The Lancet Oct 21;2 A controlled clinical trial of a diet high in unsaturated fat.

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London SJ et al. Fatty acid composition of subcutaneous adipose tissue and diet in postmenopausal US women. Garland M et al. The relation between dietary intake and adipose tissue composition of selected fatty acids in US women. Knutsen SF et al. Comparison of adipose tissue fatty acids with dietary fatty acids as measured by hour recall and food frequency questionnaire in black and white Adventists: Annals of Epidemiology Feb;13 2: Ren J et al. The Journal of Lipid Research Sep;49 9: Toll-like receptor-2 deficiency enhances non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.

BMC Gastroenterology May 28;10 1: Dietary saturated fatty acids: Gastroenterology Aug; 2: Dietary saturated fat reduces alcoholic hepatotoxicity in rats by altering fatty acid metabolism and membrane composition. Role of adiponectin in the protective action of dietary saturated fat against alcoholic fatty liver in mice. Hepatology Sep;42 3: Effect of dietary fat saturation on ldl oxidation and monocyte adhesion to human endothelial cells in vitro.

Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology Nov;16 Mata P et al. Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated n—6 fatty acid-enriched diets modify LDL oxidation and decrease human coronary smooth muscle cell DNA synthesis.

Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology Oct;17 Dietary lipid profile is a determinant of tissue phospholipid fatty acid composition and rate of weight gain in rats. Journal of Nutrition Mar; 3: Hat tip to George Henderson: Data from tables 1 and 3. The Journal of Biological Chemistry Mar 14; Hat tip to Jamie Scott: Fatty acids, the immune response, and autoimmunity: Mechanisms by which botanical lipids affect inflammatory disorders.

Associations between fatty acids in colostrum and breast milk and risk of allergic disease. Wijga AH et al. Breast milk fatty acids and allergic disease in preschool children: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Feb; 2: Increasing homicide rates and linoleic acid consumption among five Western countries, — Lipids Dec;39 The omega ratio, September 2, , http: Linoleic acid, a dietary n—6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, and the aetiology of ulcerative colitis: Gut Dec;58 Effect of isocaloric low fat diet on prostate cancer xenograft progression in a hormone deprivation model.

Journal of Urology Apr; 4: Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering imaging of lipids in cancer metastasis. BMC Cancer Jan 30;9: Corn oil in the treatment of ischaemic heart disease. British Medical Journal Jun 12;1 Effect of the Anti-Coronary Club program on coronary heart disease.

Low fat, low cholesterol diet in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. The data were subsequently re-analyzed and omega-6 fats appeared even more harmful. Ramsden CE et al. Use of dietary linoleic acid for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and death: Test of effect of lipid lowering by diet on cardiovascular risk. The Minnesota Coronary Survey.

Arteriosclerosis Jan-Feb;9 1: Controlled trial of a diet high in unsaturated fat for prevention of atherosclerotic complications.

The Lancet Nov 16;2 Incidence of cancer in men on a diet high in polyunsaturated fat. The Lancet Mar 6;1 The Oslo diet-heart study: Circulation 42 —, http: The effect of plasma cholesterol lowering diet in male survivors of myocardial infarction: Acta Medica Scandinavica, Supplementum ; The Lancet Sep 28;2 Turpeinen O et al. Dietary prevention of coronary heart disease: International Journal of Epidemiology Jun;8 2: Miettinen M et al.

Dietary prevention of coronary heart disease in women: International Journal of Epidemiology Mar;12 1: The Finnish mental hospital trial, July 9, , http: Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids.

Excess omega-3 fatty acid consumption by mothers during pregnancy and lactation caused shorter life span and abnormal ABRs in old adult offspring. Neurotoxicology and Teratology March—April;32 2: Long-term intake of fish oil increases oxidative stress and decreases lifespan in senescence-accelerated mice. Nutrition Mar;27 3: Lack of benefit of dietary advice to men with angina: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Feb;57 2: Dietary fat and health: Lands WE, Lifestyle diversity, http: Omega fats and cardiovascular disease, September 6, , http: Healthy intakes of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids: The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry Apr;17 4: Watkins BA et al.

Journal of Nutrition Sep; 9: Addition of omega-3 fatty acid to maintenance medication treatment for recurrent unipolar depressive disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry Mar; 3: Su KP et al. Omega-3 fatty acids for major depressive disorder during pregnancy: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry Apr;69 4: Omega-3 fatty acids in major depressive disorder.

A preliminary double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. European Neuropsychopharmacology Aug;13 4: Stoll AL et al. Omega 3 fatty acids in bipolar disorder: Archives of General Psychiatry May;56 5: Associations between increases in plasma n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids following supplementation and decreases in anger and anxiety in substance abusers.

Hamazaki T et al. The effect of docosahexaenoic acid on aggression in young adults. A placebo-controlled double-blind study. So the stem cells work not. This is a great commentary on the viability and reliability of adipose or fat derived stem cells for regenerative purposes.

They are very easy to extract from patients in just a matter of minutes , and as the article says they have the ability to become various types o. Here's a great study on the use of stem cells for Rheumatoid Arthritis.

It essentially describes that stem cells suppress a complicated inflammation mechanism. In RA there are cells that attack our own tissues , these are called T cells. Stem cells derived form fat can.

This is an 80 year old patient with severe shoulder pain and osteoarthritis in a variety of her joints. This is a year-old male who had chronic back pain for many many years he had used chiropractic treatment belts and supports as well as numerous pain medications nothing helped. Website development and hosting by 2by2host. Medical Services Stewart Ave. The new address is: Home Podcast Ask Dr.

Calapai's new TV Show "Dr. Cal's Healthy Living" every Saturday See the new Garden City office. Latest Comments by Dr. Stem Cell Therapy for Liv Adult Bone Marrow Cell Th Therapeutic Benefit of In Stem cells Alzheimers and

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