Limbic System: Caring for Your Brain’s Limbic System

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Although people with SPD were expected to show a glucose metabolic rate somewhere between the individual with schizophrenia and controls, they actually had higher metabolic glucose rate in the left posterior cingulate gyrus. Asthma is a real physiological condition. Cellular metabolism reactions in the cell to produce energy for example, is regulated by oxygen provided during breathing. These can be counteracted by blocking the information flow within the shell region of the nucleus accumbens by means of deep-brain stimulation DBS. Papez believed that the experience of emotion was primarily determined by the cingulate cortex and, secondly, by other cortical areas. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors SRIs are typically employed in the treatment of OCD, while neuroleptic medications such as haloperidol are typically used in the treatment of Tourette syndrome.

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How Limbic System Therapy Can Help Resolve Trauma

What is the limbic system of the brain? The limbic system is a group of related structures that help regulate emotion, memory, and certain aspects of movement.

One of these structures, the hippocampus, is vital to the storage of recently acquired information -- one of the brain's most important functions. Damage to the hippocampus can destroy the ability to learn new information or cause the loss of recent knowledge.

Emotions such as fear, anger, and pleasure are stored nearby in the amygdala; damage to this structure can erase emotion-charged memories, such as details of your wedding day or a family reunion.

Deep in the brain, clusters of neurons called basal ganglia play an important role in movement. The limbic system emotional motor system is responsible for the experience and expression of emotion. It is located in the core of the brain and includes the amygdala, hippocampus and hypothalamus. In the limbic system of the brain, experience is translated into expression.

Thus some breathing pranayama techniques may be contraindicated for those with asthma See Side Bar 1 on asthma , leading to agitated bronchial hyperactivity. Slow pranayama breathing techniques show the most practical and physiological benefit, yet the underlying mechanism how they work is not fully elucidated in the research Jerath et al.

Breath Awareness and Yoga: Making the Connection In order to maintain awareness on breathing and to reduce distractions, yoga participants use comfortable postures with the eyes closed. The outcome of mastering this breath control is that an individual can voluntarily use these practices to ease stressful or discomforting situations.

Yoga participants learn how to deal with distractions and stress without having an emotionally stimulating physiological response. They practice doing this by first recognizing whatever the distraction or thought may be, and then returning or restoring the focus of attention back to breathing Sovik, Activating the Diaphragm The everyday experiences of breathing for most untrained individuals is much more inconsistent than one would assume.

Practices in yoga often first teach individuals to observe their own breathing to ultimately familiarize the student with the sensations of respiration. Thus, one meaningful aspect in learning breathing techniques is the awareness in the difference in smooth, even breathing to erratic breathing. Modifications in respiratory patterns come naturally to some individuals after one lesson, however, it may take up to six months to replace bad habits, and ultimately change the way one breathes Sovik, The general rule, often noted in studies, and particularly observed by Gallego et al.

Although the diaphragm is one of the primary organs responsible for respiration, it is believed by some yogics to be under functioning in many people Sovik, Thus, there is often emphasis placed upon diaphragmatic breathing, rather than the use of the overactive chest muscles. Anatomically the diaphragm sits beneath the lungs and is above the organs of the abdomen.

It is the separation between cavities of the torso the upper or thoracic and the lower or abdominal. It is attached at the base of the ribs, the spine, and the sternum.

As describe earlier, when the diaphragm contracts the middle fibers, which are formed in a dome shape, descend into the abdomen, causing thoracic volume to increase and pressure to fall , thus drawing air into the lungs. The practice of proper breathing techniques is aimed at eliminating misused accessory chest muscles, with more emphasis on diaphragmatic breathing. Have a client place one hand on the abdomen above the navel to feel it being pushed outward during the inhalations.

Next, the breathing focus includes the expansion of the rib cage during the inhalation. To help a student learn this, try placing the edge of the hands along side the rib cage at the level of the sternum ; correct diaphragmatic breathing will elicit a noticeable lateral expansion of the rib cage. Diaphragmatic breathing should be practiced in the supine, prone and erect positions, as these are the functional positions of daily life.

Finally, the diaphragmatic breathing is integrated with physical movements, asanas, during meditation and during relaxation. Analogous to the seasoned cyclist, who is able to maintain balance effortlessly while cycling, the trained practitioner in diaphragmatic breathing can focus attention on activities of daily life while naturally doing diaphragmatic breathing. To summarize, Sovik suggests the characteristics of optimal breathing at rest are that it is diaphragmatic, nasal inhalation and exhalation , smooth, deep, even, quiet and free of pauses.

Answers to Some Common Questions on Breathing The following are some answers to common questions about breathing adapted from Repich Although many people feel a deep breath comes solely from expansion of the chest, chest breathing in of itself is not the best way to take a deep breath. To get a full deep breath, learn how to breathe from the diaphragm while simultaneously expanding the chest. Breathlessness is often a response of your flight or fight hormone and nervous system triggering the neck and chest muscles to tighten.

This makes breathing labored and gives a person that breathless feeling. Hyperventilation syndrome is also known as overbreathing. Breathing too frequently causes this phenomenon. Although it feels like a lack of oxygen, this is not the case at all. The overbreathing causes the body to lose considerable carbon dioxide.

This loss of carbon dioxide triggers symptoms such as gasping, trembling, choking and the feeling of being smothered. Regrettably, overbreathing often perpetuates more overbreathing, lowering carbon dioxide levels more, and thus become a nasty sequence. Fortunately, slow, deep breathing readily alleviates it. The deliberate, even deep breaths helps to transition the person to a preferable diaphragmatic breathing pattern.

Actually, just the opposite. If you breathe fast, you may start to over breathe and lower your carbon dioxide levels. Once again, slow deep diaphragmatic breathing is recommended. Usually more focus is centered on the anxiety-provoking situation causing the rapid breathing. These behaviors are most prevalent in young teens and are believed to occur as a method of coping with stress, painful feelings, as a method of self-punishment and a technique for producing euphoria in certain circumstances.

Sexual Trauma Therapy looks to work with victims of sexual trauma in providing understanding, compassion, consideration and care to reach a point in surpassing the traumatic experience, accepting the experience, and moving past the experience. Often referred to as co-meditating or mirroring. The unfolding, and inquiry of, the whole body experience through body sensing using all sensations and awarenesses.

This is encountered in the moment through direct inquisition. Sound Healing with Crystal Bowls. Immersing the body, mind and spirit in the sound of crystal bowls as a means of inviting in wellness, relaxation and overall homeostatis and self-generative healing. For emotional release and resolve, journeying to a deeper level of consciousness, meditation and overall relaxation.

Psychotherapy conducted through alternate resources rather than in office sessions. The traditional line of psychotherapy includes private in-office sessions focused on the collaboration between the client and the therapist to obtain lasting emotional or behavioral change benefits. The office setting incorporates both peaceful design and the latest in technology to enhance therapeutic gains during sessions.

The offices are also designed to accommodate larger numbers of clients, for example family sessions, treatment collaboration meetings, and group therapy sessions. As an alternative to the traditional office services, ICCC also provides in-home sessions and in-community sessions—to meet the client where they are at.

The point of performance is identified by the client as the area they experience the most difficulty. The decision to hold sessions out of the traditional setting is based on client direction and assessed treatment needs.

The social media platforms that lure our children longer and longer into the online world are seemingly endless: Instagram, picture messaging, YouTube, online gaming through apps or virtual worlds, Twitter, Foursquare, Blogging, texting. This therapy targets these pressures that the adolescent child experiences and helps employ coping techniques, and balancing with their own personal conflicts they are experiencing in growing up, excelling in school, participating in sports and activities, keeping up with their peers, or the interpersonal relationship struggles in which they may be experiencing conflict with their family unit as a result of these media platforms.

Vocational and Job Support Evaluations are those that require the assistance of a vocational counselor as a method of guidance and understanding for career coaching and tracking, mental support job search advocacy and placement assistance. Yoga Therapy can offer: Mood Regulation Emotional balance through self awareness Increased resiliency and heart rate variability HRV Increased ability to cope with stress Reduction in symptoms of chronic conditions Improvement in strength, flexibility and balance Decrease in pain associated with posture, trauma or chronic conditions Increased sense of well-being.

Yoga for 12 Step Recovery. Combining the somatic approach of yoga, and the cognitive approach of step programs. Yoga of step recovery is a holistic model designed to address the physical, mental and spiritual disease of addiction. The characteristics and effects of addiction could easily be described as separation.

Addictive behaviors disconnect us from ourselves, our loved ones, our environment and so much more. Conversely, yoga itself means union, integration, balance. Yoga and its practices teach the fine art of balancing our multidimensional lives while living in a complex world. Yoga of Step Recovery was created as a holistic model to address the physical, mental and spiritual dis-ease of addiction. Alcohol, Drug, Substance Abuse Counseling Recovery is a journey that requires endurance as well as strength.

Anger Management Opening to and recognizing emotional, physical and psychological arousals and triggers that activate the anger response and working with these as a means of regulation and control.

Aromatherapy Essential Oils Aromatherapy is the utilization of essential oils, which are highly concentrated distillations of all the components and properties present in the plant carbon, hydrogen, amino acids and the application of these as therapy for conditions, ailments and healing. Art Therapy Art therapy is a mental health profession in which clients, facilitated by the art therapist, use art media, the creative process, and the resulting artwork to explore their feelings, reconcile emotional conflicts, foster self-awareness, manage behavior and addictions, develop social skills, improve reality orientation, reduce anxiety, and increase self-esteem.

Assessment Services At Integrated Care Concepts and Consultation, we have clinical staff that can provide assessment, treatment, and consultation on the specialty services listed below. Breathwork Therapy — Pranayama Breath is the key internal link between body and mind.

Career Coaching and Empowerment Guidance and support in creating goal oriented professional and personal outcomes through supportive and focused life decisions, actions, planning and motivation. Clinical Hypnosis Clinical Hypnosis is the state of connecting the conscious with the unconscious part of self. Couples Counseling Couples Therapy is therapy in which couples of all types work with a therapist, together or separately, on recognizing conflicts within the relationship with the expectation of improved communication and overall wellbeing and happiness within the relationship.

Educational Advocacy Educational advocacy is a tool for communicating to individuals, parents, children, teachers, professionals, leaders and a community as a whole, to bring about clarity and understanding, and provide the tools necessary to cope with and work with, any or all of our integrated services. Emotional Freedom Technique Therapy EFT An integrated modality utilizing the principles of energy therapy, acupressure and neuroplasticity to help modify and regulate emotions, thoughts and feelings.

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing EMDR Therapy EMDR Therapy is an information processing therapy that works with an 8 phase approach and is particularly helpful with post-traumatic stress disorder from trauma experienced through military discharge, sexual assault and abuse, traumatic accidents and experiences.

Enhanced Family Therapy The complicated 21st century child and family require a more flexible approach in meeting their needs. Family Systems Therapy Family Systems Therapy is a type of therapy in which it is believed that in order for an individual to heal, they must work collectively in therapy with their family unit, rather than through an isolated individualized model. Firesetting Firesetting is a type of behavior that is often exhibited as a result of some confusion, frustration or stressor that a person may experience.

Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Our therapist will work with you as an individual or within your family unit, to provide a safe, judgment-free zone to work through the stressors experienced as being a gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender individual. Gentle Yoga Gentle Yoga is for all levels and invites thoughtful movements into the body.

Group Therapy Psychotherapy treatment in the form of small meetings involving multiple clients sharing similar difficulties but striving for a shared outcome through a supportive peer-based environment. Guided Therapeutic Imagery A mental process used to shift attitude, behavior, physiological reactions and ailments. Marriage Counseling Therapy in which couples of all types work with a therapist, together or separate, on recognizing conflicts within the relationship with the expectation of improved communication and overall well-being and happiness within the relationship.

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