Weight loss

DIET, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, AND BEHAVIORAL THERAPY

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The Mediterranean diet is above all a healthy and safe diet. In Asian Americans, the BMI cutoff points to define overweight and obesity are lower than in other populations Table 7. When eating in a restaurant, plan ahead. J Diabetes Complications ; Thus the authors concluded that the high-carbohydrate, low-glycemic index diet was the most favorable. These barriers are further complicated in the context of type 2 diabetes.

Weight Loss Goals

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About 70 percent of Americans' dieting attempts are of a self-help nature. Unintentional weight loss may result from loss of body fats, loss of body fluids, muscle atrophy , or even a combination of these. Unintentional weight loss can occur because of an inadequately nutritious diet relative to a person's energy needs generally called malnutrition.

Disease processes, changes in metabolism, hormonal changes, medications or other treatments, disease- or treatment-related dietary changes, or reduced appetite associated with a disease or treatment can also cause unintentional weight loss.

Continuing weight loss may deteriorate into wasting, a vaguely defined condition called cachexia. This leads to a condition called anorexia cachexia syndrome ACS and additional nutrition or supplementation is unlikely to help. Serious weight loss may reduce quality of life, impair treatment effectiveness or recovery, worsen disease processes and be a risk factor for high mortality rates.

In addition, malnutrition can lead to vitamin and other deficiencies and to inactivity, which in turn may pre-dispose to other problems, such as pressure sores.

Unintentional weight loss can be the characteristic leading to diagnosis of diseases such as cancer [25] and type 1 diabetes. Disease-related malnutrition can be considered in four categories: Inability to eat can result from: Eating restrictions may also be imposed as part of treatment or investigations.

Lack of food can result from: Medical treatment can directly or indirectly cause weight loss, impairing treatment effectiveness and recovery that can lead to further weight loss in a vicious cycle. Many patients will be in pain and have a loss of appetite after surgery. Early post-operative nutrition is a part of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocols.

Some medications can cause weight loss, [39] while others can cause weight gain. Social conditions such as poverty, social isolation and inability to get or prepare preferred foods can cause unintentional weight loss, and this may be particularly common in older people. Loss of hope, status or social contact and spiritual distress can cause depression, which may be associated with reduced nutrition, as can fatigue.

Some popular beliefs attached to weight loss have been shown to either have less effect on weight loss as commonly believed or are actively unhealthy. According to Harvard Health, the idea of metabolism being the "key to weight" is "part truth and part myth" as while metabolism does affect weight loss, external forces such as diet and exercise have an equal effect.

Obesity increases health risks, including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, to name a few. Reduction of obesity lowers those risks. A 1-kg loss of body weight has been associated with an approximate 1-mm Hg drop in blood pressure. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Weight loss disambiguation. The examples and perspective in this section deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

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Anorexia Anti-obesity medication Cigarette smoking for weight loss Dieting Enterostatin Failure to thrive Physical exercise Weight gain Weight loss effects of water Prenatal nutrition Bulimia nervosa. Retrieved 27 June Fact sheet, Informed Health Online. Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 13 January Annals of Internal Medicine. Retrieved 20 October A physiological basis for weight regain after weight loss".

Retrieved 2 May Bariatric Surgery Information Guide. Retrieved 13 June International Journal of Eating Disorders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. Correlational, experimental psychopathology, component and outcome studies". International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy. US Food and Drug Administration. Archived from the original on 26 September Retrieved 3 July The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Committee on Nutrition Services for Medicare Beneficiaries The role of nutrition in maintaining health in the nation's elderly: National clinical guideline for diagnosis and management in primary and secondary care".

Royal College of Physicians UK. Andersen, Henning Keinke, ed. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 4: The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. Canadian Medical Association Journal. The Gale Encyclopedia of Senior Health. Kristi Monson , PharmD. Metformin and Weight Loss. Metformin and TSH Levels.

Metformin and Erectile Dysfunction. Metformin and Lactic Acidosis. Metformin and Hair Loss. Metformin and Blood Sugar. Metformin and Contrast Medium. Metformin Warnings and Precautions. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind.

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