‘Traffic light’ food labels gain momentum across Europe

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Is White Rice a Yellow-Light or Red-Light Food?
The placebo effect is stronger in some people than in others. Increased fiber intake has also been shown to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels and enhance weight loss for obese individuals. Jonathan Ferrell Renisha McBride. You just heard it? New research was even able to confirm that people are Officer who shot Philando Castile reacted to gun, not race". Everything you need to know about the lectin-free diet Anti-inflammatory diet:

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Nutrition facts label

Vitamin A deficiency is rare in the United States U. So, in a way, carrots do help you see in the dark. However, most people are unlikely to experience any significant positive changes in their vision from eating carrots, unless they already lack vitamin A.

Around a quarter of the carbohydrate in carrots is sugar, but the amount of carbohydrate in carrots is relatively small. According to Harvard Health, the glycemic index of carrots is 39 , meaning the impact on blood sugar is fairly low.

A half-cup serving of chopped carrot contains 1. Before the age of 50 years , men need 38 g of fiber a day, and women need 25 g. After this age, women need 21 g per day, and men need 30 g. Health authorities advise people to consume no more than 2, mg of sodium a day. The recommended intake of potassium is 4, mg. The American Heart Association AHA recommend consuming a fiber-rich diet and increasing potassium while reducing sodium intake to protect against high blood pressure and heart disease.

Carrots offer a good balance of these nutrients. Carrots contain vitamin C, an antioxidant. This helps boost the immune system and prevent disease. Vitamin C can help reduce the severity of a cold, and the length of time it lasts.

According to the U. Department of Agriculture USDA , one cup of chopped carrots, containing grams g of carrot, provides:. One cup of chopped carrots provides more than percent of an average adult male or female's recommended daily allowance RDA of vitamin A. The antioxidant beta-carotene gives carrots their bright orange color.

Beta-carotene is absorbed in the intestine and converted into vitamin A during digestion. Farmer's markets and some specialty stores offer carrots in a range of colors, such as purple, yellow, and red. These contain a variety of antioxidants that give them their color.

For example, purple carrots contain anthocyanin, and red carrots are rich in lycopene. There are two seasons a year for carrots, and local carrots are available in the spring and fall. However, they can be found in supermarkets all year. They can be bought fresh, frozen, canned, or pickled. Carrots are best stored in the refrigerator in a sealed plastic bag.

If the greens are still attached to the top of the carrot, remove them before storing to prevent the greens from drawing out moisture and nutrients from the roots. They are a versatile vegetable. They can be eaten raw, steamed, boiled, roasted, and as an ingredient in many soups and stews. Overconsumption of vitamin A can be toxic to humans. It may cause a slight orange tinge in skin color, but this not harmful to health.

An overdose of vitamin A is unlikely to happen because of diet alone, but it may result from supplement use. People who are taking medications derived from vitamin A, such as isotretinoin Roaccutane for acne or acitretin for psoriasis , should avoid eating large amounts of carrots, as they could lead to hypervitaminosis A, an overdose of vitamin A. Anyone who is starting a new medication should check with their doctor about any recommended dietary changes.

Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Tue 5 December All references are available in the References tab. American Heart Association's diet and lifestyle recommendations. Brief carrot history and timeline. Carotenoids and the risk of developing lung cancer: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 88 2 , Carotenoids, retinol, tocopherols, and prostate cancer risk: Pooled analysis of 15 studies [Abstract].

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 5 , Easy ways to boost fiber in your daily diet. Inverse associations between serum concentrations of zeaxanthin and other carotenoids and colorectal neoplasm in Japanese [Abstract]. International Journal of Clinical Oncology 19 1 , Vitamin C and immune function [Abstract]. Medizinische Monatsschrift Fur Pharmazeuten 32 2 , Fact sheet for professionals.

Glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of type 2 diabetes. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 76 1 , Bioactive chemicals from carrot Daucus carota juice extracts for the treatment of leukemia [Abstract].

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J Agric Food Chem. Kennedy E, Luo H. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, Volume 54, - Issue 3. Foods and food groups associated with the incidence of colorectal polyps: Rice consumption and cancer incidence in US men and women. In search of "just right": Food, Rice and Arsenic: What Health Professional Need to Know.

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